Cardiopulmonary resuscitation or CPR is an emergency procedure which is done in order to provide artificial ventilation by giving chest compressions. In case if a person is not able to breathe properly or is unconscious then CPR is given to that person. In case of an emergency, the person giving the CPR becomes the ultimate life support system for the one who is facing difficulty in breathing or is unconscious.

We are introducing to CPR with this article and in which conditions you must give CPR to a person, here are a few emergency conditions:


First and the foremost thing to do is that you must try to wake up the person. If the unconscious person does not wake up then check for the pulse and the breathing of the person.

Just to let you know no matter where ever you are in the world in case of an emergency you can search for help by searching “emergency room near me“, on the internet. Do not panic, every city or place has facilities and hospitals that attend the people in case of emergency. But make sure till the time an ambulance does not reach you must begin by providing basic care like performing a CPR if needed. 

Breathing problems

If someone has a problem in breathing or has limited breathing then you may need to perform CPR on the person.

Sudden collapse

Check for the pulse and the breathing of the unconscious person

No pulse

If you cannot feel the pulse then it means that the heart has stopped working

Injuries due to electrocution

If you know that a person has an electrical injury then do not touch the person. First, try to kill the source of the power or simply remove the victim for the electrical contact. Just be sure that you are not using something that conducts electricity. It is best to use a stick or a broom.

Drugs, drowning, exposure to inhalants or smoke

Check the pulse rate and the breathing of the person. Injuries of this kind might need a variety or a combination of chest compressions and rescue breathing.

Who knows you will be able to help someone in need. Not just the medical practitioners but even regular people must know how to conduct a CPR. Here are the few steps to conduct a CPR like a professional.

CPR can increase the chances of a person to survive a cardiac arrest.

If a person isn’t breathing then his or her heartbeat will eventually stop. Run a few CPR tests like rescue breaths and chest compressions which will help get oxygen into the body and also help with the circulation.

Position your hand

Do make sure that the person is lying on his back and on a totally firm surface. Just kneel beside him and then place the heel of your hand on the center of the chest.

Interlock Fingers

Keep your arms straight and cover the first hand with the heel of your other hand and then interlock the fingers of both the hands together. Keep the fingers raised so that you do not touch the patient of your chest or the rib cage.

Give chest compressions

Lean forward so that your shoulders are directly over the chest of the patient and then press down on the chest about 2 inches. Release the pressure but not from your hands and just let the chest comes back up.

You must repeat to give compressions about 30 times at a rate of 100 compressions every minute.

Open the airway

Move closely to the patient’s head. Tilt the head of the patient and lift his chin to open the airway again. Let the mouth open slightly.

Give rescue breaths

Pinch the nostrils closed with the hand that was on the forehead earlier. Support the chin of the patient. Take a normal breath, now put your mouth over the mouth of the patient and now blow until you can see the chest of the patient rise.

Watch chest fall

Remove your mouth from the patient and look along the chest. Repeat steps five and six once.

Make sure that your child memorizes the steps of the CPR plus the other steps too.

Keep repeating the chest compressions and rescue breaths

You have to repeat the steps of the process by placing your hands on the chest of the person. Repeat the cycle of 30 chest compressions which must be followed by 2 rescue breaths. Continue the entire cycle time and again.

When to stop CPR

It will depend on the signs and symptoms that the person going through a heart attack is showing. If you are giving CPR to a person and you see the obvious signs of aging like breathing and movement then immediately stop giving CPR.

For the social welfare and the greater good now emergency rooms, hospitals and clinics give free CPR classes to the people so as to make capable of helping someone in need of urgent need. Lifesavers, a 24-hour emergency room in Houston, TX organizes free CPR classes once in a week. This is just one example, there are innumerable other emergency rooms in and around Houston that provide free CPR classes for children.